The art of embroidery:
Past, Development and Present

Embroidery is a textile technique in which a basic material (leather, fabric or paper) is artistically decorated by sewing on or pulling through yarn threads.

The history of clothing and embroidery art
The development of human clothing and the art of weaving and embroidery are closely linked. It is assumed that the first clothes were made between 38,000 and 10,000 BC. From 14,000 to 8,000 B.C. the change from hunters dressed in fur and leather to people still wearing fabrics took place. The few remaining Egyptian and Iraqi fabric remains from the time around 6,000 BC already show a developed weaving technique. Embroidered garments made around 5,000 B.C. come from Egypt, China and South America. It is noticeable that the art of embroidery has been cultivated worldwide in the most diverse cultures, without the proof of a certain region of origin having been available so far.
The covering of the human body by clothing had probably less practical reasons in the beginning (e.g. as protection against weather influences), but initially served the magical purpose of confronting demons in disguise. The use of clothing to transform the body was preceded by the design of hairstyles, tattoos and war paint. Wedding dresses, shirts or uniforms were also used to bring about a different state of the body. In this sense, clothing has cultic, sociological and aesthetic significance.

The development of the embroidery trade
In China, India and Egypt, geometric figures were embroidered before figurative representations (images of people and animals) were applied to curtains and clothing.
Greeks and Romans adopted the art of embroidery from the Assyrian culture. Precious embroidery was found on the robes of Roman consuls, tribunes and emperors.
The most highly developed Arab embroidery art in the world in the 11th century covered above all the needs of nobles and clergy. Embroidered fabrics from the Orient reached Europe as a special sign of prosperity. Coronation coats of German emperors show a high artistic level. In the Middle Ages monasteries used embroidery to make liturgical garments and textiles (paraments) used in church rooms.
Since embroidery always required a great deal of time and money, the embroidery trade had an exclusive character for a long time and was reserved for wealthy sections of the population and for religious purposes. Noble women already learned in their childhood how to create beautiful textile decorations.

Modern embroidery
As the level of education increased, embroidery became more and more popular, reaching a climax first in England (more useful) and later in Burgundy, before being forgotten for some time.
Private embroidery only regained great importance as a leisure activity for middle-class and noble women in the Biedermeier era (between the Congress of Vienna (1815) and the bourgeois revolution of 1848). Embroideries for everyday life (e.g. chair covers, oven umbrellas and embroidered pictures) were made as part of tea parties and family reunions. Embroidery would have been unaffordable.

Special embroidery techniques
The embroidery techniques used include white embroidery (linen embroidery), which is primarily used to "draw" linen and cotton underwear and table textiles. The cross stitch technique uses coarse, perforated woven fabrics on which the embroidery thread is applied crosswise.
The tapestry stitch is used for decorative handicrafts such as pillowcases or murals, in which embroidery threads made of virgin wool are applied to a specially prepared stramin fabric using the "half cross stitch" technique (always running diagonally in a certain direction). The uniformity of the half cross stitches determines the quality of the work.
In Ajour embroidery, loosely woven linen or cotton threads are pulled together by the embroidery thread in such a way that breakthrough patterns are created. An extraordinarily dense form of ajour embroidery is the "Dresden lace", in which 19 to 48 threads per centimetre are used, while the usual ajour embroidery has only 12 to 20 threads per centimetre.
A particularly fine type of white embroidery is Richelieu embroidery, in which edge lines are re-embroidered in a sling stitch ("festoon stitch"). After carefully cutting away the fabric along the embroidered edges, cut-outs appear which together form an embroidery pattern ("cut-out embroidery").

Today's embroidery
The refinement by embroideries, which is very popular again today, is used among other things in fashion, but also in the production of high-quality and hard-wearing advertising media. Especially in fashion, embroideries in the form of direct embroidery, 3-D embroidery, patches or appliqués are used. Embroidery is also often used to identify companies and associations.
However, compared to earlier times, computer-controlled embroidery machines and punch software are used. These allow a detailed implementation of the desired motifs, decorations, logos or coats of arms.

High quality embroidered patches
Embroidered badges have a long tradition and have been used for centuries to clearly display official rankings in particular.
Embroidered patches can have different meanings depending on the organization or group. High-quality embroidered textile badges convey important messages in clubs and companies as well as at special events. Patches clarify the togetherness to a group, symbolize the sense of community, represent a sign of "Corporate Identity", bear witness to special honours bestowed on their wearers or signal the position of a functionary. Individually produced textile badges are referred to as "custom patches". Patches placed in the middle of the back of jackets are called "back patches".
Textile badges for example for associations, companies and agencies can be obtained at <font color="#ffff00">Sync by honeybunny <font color="#ffff00">www.aufnä in round, oval or rectangular form, but can also be embroidered with irregular outlines. Name badges, coats of arms, badges and other patches are professionally woven or embroidered in all colours and sizes. The carrier material of the wash-resistant badges is felt or body. The chained edges of your coat of arms prevent fraying. Emblems with irregular edges can be embroidered with accurate laser cutting. The high-quality materials used guarantee a concise and advantageous appearance of your logo or other desired motif. www.aufnä offers you a wide range of products including directly embroidered textiles and custom-made products. Quality, speed and customer service are always in the foreground at www.aufnä